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अथर्ववेद के काण्ड - 11 के सूक्त 1 के मन्त्र

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  • अथर्ववेद - काण्ड 11/ सूक्त 1/ मन्त्र 1
    ऋषि: - ब्रह्मा देवता - ब्रह्मौदनः छन्दः - अनुष्टुब्गर्भा भुरिक्पङ्क्तिः सूक्तम् - ब्रह्मौदन सूक्त
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    अग्ने॒ जाय॒स्वादि॑तिर्नाथि॒तेयं ब्र॑ह्मौद॒नं प॑चति पु॒त्रका॑मा। स॑प्तऋ॒षयो॑ भूत॒कृत॒स्ते त्वा॑ मन्थन्तु प्र॒जया॑ स॒हेह॑ ॥

    स्वर सहित पद पाठ

    अग्ने॑ । जाय॑स्व । अदि॑ति: । ना॒थि॒ता । इ॒यम् । ब्र॒ह्म॒ऽओ॒द॒नम् । प॒च॒ति॒ । पु॒त्रऽका॑मा । स॒प्त॒ऽऋ॒षय॑: । भू॒त॒ऽकृत॑: । ते । त्व‍ा॒ । म॒न्थ॒न्तु॒ । प्र॒ऽजया॑ । स॒ह । इ॒ह ॥१.१॥


    स्वर रहित मन्त्र

    अग्ने जायस्वादितिर्नाथितेयं ब्रह्मौदनं पचति पुत्रकामा। सप्तऋषयो भूतकृतस्ते त्वा मन्थन्तु प्रजया सहेह ॥

    स्वर रहित पद पाठ

    अग्ने । जायस्व । अदिति: । नाथिता । इयम् । ब्रह्मऽओदनम् । पचति । पुत्रऽकामा । सप्तऽऋषय: । भूतऽकृत: । ते । त्व‍ा । मन्थन्तु । प्रऽजया । सह । इह ॥१.१॥

    अथर्ववेद - काण्ड » 11; सूक्त » 1; मन्त्र » 1
    Acknowledgment

    पदार्थ -
    (अग्ने) हे तेजस्वी विद्वान् पुरुष ! (जायस्व) प्रसिद्ध हो, [जैसे] (इयम्) यह (नाथिता) पतिवाली, (पुत्रकामा) पुत्रों की कामनावाली (अदितिः) अदिति [अखण्ड व्रतवाली वा अदीन स्त्री] (ब्रह्मौदनम्) ब्रह्म-ओदन [वेदज्ञान, अन्न वा धन के बरसानेवाले परमात्मा] को (पचति) पक्का [मनमें दृढ़] करती है, [वैसे ही] (ते) वे (भूतकृतः) उचित कर्म करनेवाले (सप्तऋषयः) सात ऋषि [व्यापनशील वा दर्शनशील अर्थात् त्वचा, नेत्र, कान, जिह्वा, नाक, मन और बुद्धि] (इह) यहाँ पर (प्रजया सह) प्रजा के साथ [मनुष्यों के सहित] (त्वा) तुझ [विद्वान्] को (मन्थन्तु) मथें [प्रवृत्त करें] ॥१॥

    भावार्थ - हे मनुष्य जैसे माता वेद आदि शास्त्रों में प्रवीण होकर सन्तान से प्रीति करती हुई परमेश्वर की आज्ञापालन में तत्पर होती है, वैसे ही तू अपनी इन्द्रियों मन और बुद्धि से उपकार लेकर सन्तानसहित पुरुषार्थ कर ॥१॥


    Bhashya Acknowledgment

    Meaning -
    Arise, Agni, manifest into creative activity, this Aditi, mastered and energised by Providence, seeking progeny, prepares and matures the holy food for Brahma with desire. And those seven sages, creators of the forms of being, alongwith certain created forms stir and chum you to come up into creative activity. (Agni is a term of vesatile meaning, from the leading light and creative will of the universe upto the creative passion of the intelligent soul of the individual, always playing a leading role in the situation. It means Ishvara, or the Samrat who is world leader and ruler, or Raja, national leader and ruler, or any head of an institution or organisation, or head of the family. Aditi would mean the consort power, Prakrti, earth, motherland, the people, members of the institution or organisation, lady of the house, the body with sense and mind. Creative activity would mean positive progress of the world, country, society, institution, organisation, family, the individual. Seven sages would mean creative and cooperative forces : five elements with Ahankara and Mahat mutations of Prakrti in the cosmic context, seven pranic energies in the biological context, ministers and advisors, law and order and defence forces in the socio-political context, five senses with will and judgement in the individual context. In short, Agni is the creative passion and power, Aditi is the consort, seven sages are the auxiliaries, and Brahmaudana is the food and the state of nature just mature for creation. A word about churning (manth) and food (odana): All change of form comes into being when Prakrti from the state of constancy is activated into the state of mutability by divine will. From Satyam, Prakrti becomes Satyam-and-Rtam. Rtam is the law of mutability through which the changing world of new forms becomes a mutation of Satyam. In other words, Satyam and Rtam, coustancy and mutability are two sides of the same thing. Just as two pieces of arani wood produce fire by attrition, so does Prakrti produce new forms by the ‘churning’ process of Satyam and Rtam. Now food: In Prashna Upanishad the disciple asks the first question: How do different forms of being come into existence: The reply: Prajapati, with the desire to create, created Prana, life energy, and Rayi, food. Prana is the consumer, Rayi, is the food consumed, the result is new forms of being. In this Sukta, in this mantra, Aditi is the consort with desire, she prepares the food for Brahma, that is, she brings up the seed state with desire. And no plant is born unless the seed is consumed. In this way, the entire process of change and creative evolution is concentrated in this mantra: Consumption, transformation, creation.


    Bhashya Acknowledgment
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